Author: Charli Thomas


The Investigation Of How Viscosity Index Improvers Turn The Waves In Lubricating Science

Viscosity Index (VI) Improvers is a crucial component in the formulation of advanced lubricating oils offered, ensuring peak performance across a wide temperature range. These improvers are engineered to elevate the VI of engine oils, meaning they help the oil maintain optimal thickness (viscosity) in both searing heat and freezing conditions.

Incorporating VI Improvers into your lubrication regimen guarantees that your engines start effortlessly in cold climates while providing steadfast protection and reduced friction at high temperatures. This dual-action benefit results in enhanced fuel efficiency, decreased oil consumption, and prolonged critical engine components’ life.

Chempol’s range of VI Improvers results from cutting-edge research and innovation designed to meet and exceed the demands of modern engines that operate under extreme stress and varying conditions. Our products ensure that viscosity is maintained, performance is maximised, and engines run smoother for longer.

Choose Chempol’s VI Improvers for a superior lubrication solution that keeps your machinery in prime condition, optimising performance while cutting operational costs. It’s the intelligent choice for savvy operators aiming for peak efficiency and reliability in their fleet. 

The Next Generation of Lubrication Technology

The Next Generation of Lubrication Technology

Chempol proudly presents the latest range of Viscosity Index Improvers, a game-changer of engine performance and efficiency. Recognized for their exceptional ability to minimise the rate of viscosity change with temperature fluctuations, these VI Improvers are the cornerstone of our high-quality lubricants, endorsed by the rigorous standards set by the American Petroleum Institute (API).

Our VI Improvers are meticulously crafted using an advanced blend of polymers, such as Olefin Copolymers (OCP), Polyalkylmethacrylates (PMA), and Hydrogenated Styrene-Isoprene/Styrene-Butadiene (HSI/SBS) copolymers, PPT Additives, ensuring your engines sustain optimal viscosity across a broad temperature spectrum. The sophisticated molecular design of these polymers guarantees a superior, stable lubricant that delivers consistent performance, whether you’re starting your engine in the frosty depths of winter or operating at the peak of summer heat.

With Chempol’s VI Improvers, customers can expect an unparalleled advantage — a lubricant that meets and exceeds the performance requirements of mineral and synthetic base oils. Our products ensure your machinery is protected; your operations are smooth, and your maintenance costs are reduced.

Invest in VI Improvers for your oils and experience the pinnacle of lubrication technology that keeps your engines running like clockwork in any weather, under any stress. It’s not just oil; it’s a promise of peak performance and reliability, with extra qualities of ashless additives.

VI Improvers are The Pinnacle of Modern Technology

VI Improvers are The Pinnacle of Modern Technology

Chempol’s Viscosity Index (VI) Improvers are revolutionizing the world of lubricants with their advanced polymer technology, enhancing the performance of oils by maintaining an optimal viscosity across a range of temperatures. These improvers leverage the principle that polymers expand more at higher temperatures, increasing the viscosity more significantly where it’s needed most.

The unique selling point of Chempol’s VI Improvers is their ability to adapt to temperature changes, ensuring engines perform consistently in varying climates. This results in a lubricant that protects against wear in extreme heat and ensures easy start-up in cold conditions. The polymers in Chempol’s VI Improvers are carefully selected for their interaction with oil molecules, providing a stable, high-quality product.

Chempol’s TBN booster additives and VI Improvers are backed by rigorous research and development, referencing foundational studies like those of Flory, and are designed to react optimally within the lubricant solution. Whether in ‘poor’ or ‘good’ solvents, our VI Improvers are formulated to prevent the collapse or overexpansion of polymer chains, maintaining the perfect equilibrium for your engine’s lubrication.

By choosing Chempol’s VI Improvers, you’re selecting a product that not only enhances the longevity and efficiency of your engines but also reflects a commitment to innovation and excellence in lubrication science. Make Chempol’s VI Improvers a part of your lubrication strategy and witness your machinery’s performance soar.

Finding out the science behind the VI improvers

Our advanced VI Improvers are crafted to provide your engine oils with the resilience needed to maintain consistency across temperatures. Tailored for diverse applications, these polymers ensure your engines deliver top-tier performance, whether braving the winter chill or enduring summer’s blaze.

Below is a list of our product performance:

Polymer Conc., g/cm³ ηₛ Rₙ/mm at 40°C (Prod. Exp. n) Rₙ/mm at 100°C (Prod. Exp. n)
VI-P1 0.0015 1.2 15.2 ± 0.3 (1.80) 12.5 ± 0.3 (1.82)
VI-P1 0.0030 1.4 12.8 ± 0.2 (1.85) 10.6 ± 0.2 (1.88)
VI-P1 0.0060 2.0 10.3 ± 0.1 (1.90) 8.5 ± 0.1 (1.92)
VI-P1 0.0120 4.0 7.9 ± 0.1 (1.95) 6.7 ± 0.1 (1.97)
VI-P2 0.0020 1.2 14.1 ± 0.2 (1.83) 11.9 ± 0.2 (1.85)
VI-P2 0.0040 1.5 11.7 ± 0.2 (1.87) 9.8 ± 0.2 (1.89)
VI-P2 0.0080 2.0 9.4 ± 0.1 (1.91) 7.6 ± 0.1 (1.93)
VI-P2 0.0160 4.0 7.1 ± 0.1 (1.96) 5.9 ± 0.1 (1.98)

(ηₛ = Inherent Viscosity; Rₙ/mm = Viscosity Index Measurement in millimeters; Prod. Exp. n = Product Expansion factor at given temperature)

Chempol’s VI Improvers stands out in the market with their unparalleled performance, ensuring that viscosity is not a liability but an asset for your engines. Besides that, our anti-rust additives perform outstandingly with VII. Our meticulously engineered products represent the pinnacle of lubrication technology, providing a trusted solution for maintaining engine efficiency and extending service life.

Chempol’s High-Quality Products

Chempol’s High Quality Products

CHEMPOL P25 Ethylene – Propylene – Copolymer

Chempol P25, when blended at 10% with SN500 Base Oil, achieves a viscosity range of 1900 to 2000 cSt at 100°C and at an 11.5% concentration with SN150 Base Oil, it reaches 1800 to 1900cSt at the same temperature. This formulation is designed for crafting Liquid VI with SN150 Base Oil to improve low-temperature performance in Motor Oils, enhancing the viscosity index proportionate to the grade used. Dissolution requires 3-6 hours at 120°C. For safety, use dust masks and gloves, store polymers below 30°C, shield from sunlight, and are available in 25 kg packages.

CHEMPOL 5530 Viscosity Improver (Solid Form)

Chempol 5530 is a type of product added to motor oils and industrial lubricants to help them work well under different conditions. It’s made from a mix of chemicals known as Olefin Co-Polymer (OCP) and is specifically an Ethylene Propylene Co-Polymer. This product is solid and helps the oil keep its thickness even when it’s worked hard or under a lot of pressure. How much of this product is used in the oil depends on what the oil needs to do and how it needs to perform.

CHEMPOL 5550 Viscosity Improver (Bale Form)

Chempol 5550 is a Viscosity Improver, which is a solid product and is used to make various types of motor and industrial oils. It is made to work better across different temperatures ranging from cold to warm. It’s made from a synthetic material called Olefin Co-Polymer (OCP), specifically an Ethylene Propylene Co-Polymer. When mixed with other appropriate oils, it offers a medium level of resistance to thinning out under high pressure or mechanical action. The amount used can vary based on what the oil will be used for and how it needs to perform.

CHEMPOL P20 OCP Viscosity Index Improver

Chempol P20 OCP Viscosity Index Improver is a polymer that needs to be mixed into oil at high temperatures (130 degrees Celsius) and stirred vigorously for 3 to 4 hours until it fully dissolves. The amount you need to use varies from 4 to 10% based on how thick or thin you want the oil to be. It should also be matched with an appropriate pour point depressant (PPD) for best results. For advice on the exact amount and combination, contacting Chempol Ltd.’s technical team is best. This polymer is sold in bags of 25kg, 500kg, and even 1,000kg sizes.


Exceptional Solubility and stability of Chempol’s Gasoline Engine Oil Additives

Have you ever stopped to ponder what makes your lubricants stand apart in today’s dynamic and ever-evolving market? 

What if we tell you the answer lies not just in the lubricant itself but in something much smaller yet enormously powerful? 

Enter the game-changing world of Gasoline Engine Oil Additives.

From the shimmering highways of New York to the winding roads of the Alps, vehicles face a myriad of challenges. 

It’s not just about ensuring that the engines roar to life every morning but also ensuring that they perform at their peak, day in and day out. 

The heart of this outstanding performance? The Alchemy of oil additives for gasoline engines.

The Underlying Alchemy: What’s Stirring Inside?


So, what makes these additives idols in your lubricant formulations? At a microscopic level, these additives play multiple roles to make you successful. They’re like the orchestra’s conductor, ensuring that every note hits the correct pitch.

Protection Against Wear and Tear: 

It’s a brutal world inside the engine—metal grinding on metal, immense heat, and relentless pressure. But, with a suitable additive, this metal-on-metal contact is minimized. Imagine a protective shield, warding off any adversarial elements, ensuring your engine remains pristine and untouched.

Keep it Clean: 

Beyond just protection, these additives also act as the engine’s housekeeper. They prevent sludge formation and keep deposits at bay. The result? An engine that’s as clean as the day it left the factory.

Temperature Tolerance: 

Engines can get blazing hot or chillingly cold. The right additives ensures that the auto engine oil remains fluid, no matter the temperature. It’s like giving your engine a thermal jacket in winter and a cooling fan in the heat.

Why Does Your Business Need This Elixir?


But why should you, a key player in the automotive lubricant business, be interested? Why are these additives not just good but essential for your formulations?

Have you ever noticed how customers have become increasingly discerning? They’re no longer just looking for lubricants; they’re seeking solutions. Solutions that ensure their engines remain young, no matter how old the car gets. Solutions that promise reliability, efficiency, and longevity.

In this backdrop, can you afford to offer anything but the best?

Adapting to the Beat of New Technologies

Today’s engines are not what they were a decade ago. They’re smarter, more efficient, and more demanding. They’re designed to meet the challenges of tomorrow. So, shouldn’t the lubricants that go into them be futuristic, too?

With Gasoline Engine Oil Additives, you’re not just keeping pace with the present; you’re one step ahead, anticipating the needs of next-generation engines. They bridge the gap between the engines of today and the innovations of tomorrow.

But Don’t Just Take Our Word for It.

Success stories? We’ve got plenty. Renowned automotive brands have experienced firsthand the magic that these additives bring. Their verdict? Unparalleled performance, unmatched protection, and an engine that feels brand new every single time.

Ask yourself: In a market swamped with choices, why will a customer pick your lubricant? The answer lies in the potent power of these additives. 

The Road Ahead

So, as you sit there, poised to make decisions that will steer the future of your brand, ask yourself: Are you merely meeting expectations, or are you setting the gold standard?

The world of Oil Additives is not just about chemicals and formulations. It’s about crafting experiences, ensuring that every time a customer chooses your product, they’re not just buying a lubricant; they’re investing in peace of mind.

In the world of automotive lubricants, where the race to the top is relentless, Gasoline Engine Oil Additives is the turbocharge your brand needs. Ready to power the future?

Chempol Additive Give Exceptional Powers To Lubricants


Hailing from UAE, Chempol stands as a beacon of excellence in the domain of lubricant and specialized chemicals. Their expansive portfolio of gasoline engine oil additives is tailor-made to fortify the attributes of base oils, rendering them fit for the challenges posed by contemporary engines and rigorous conditions.

Delving into Chempol’s impressive lineup of best gasoline engine oil additives:


CHEMPOL 6225 stands as a meticulously crafted additive explicitly tailored for passenger cars. Its design emphasizes cost-efficiency, offering optimized treatment rates that enhance the lubricant’s performance. This additive is versatile, making it ideal for oils with a wide range of quality levels, from the rigorous standards of API SF/CD to the more general requirements of SB/CB. Through this, CHEMPOL 6225 ensures both affordability and superior engine protection for automobile owners.


CHEMPOL 6226: A versatile additive blend suitable for both gasoline and diesel engines. It stands out for its remarkable detergency, dispersancy, and protection against wear, oxidation, and corrosion.


CHEMPOL 6264: Meeting the specifications of API SL/CF and ACEA A3/B3/E2, this additive package for gasoline and diesel engines excels in ensuring engine cleanliness, wear resistance, oxidation stability, and fuel efficiency.


CHEMPOL 6300: Primarily a gasoline engine oil additive, it offers efficacious treatment rates ideal for oils from API SF/CD to SB/CB levels. When paired with CHEMPOL 9310, it acts as a performance booster, meeting higher standards like API SG/CD and the stringent demands of API SJ/CF/SL/SM.


CHEMPOL 6360: Crafted for passenger cars, this additive adheres to the standards of API SN/CF and ACEA A3/B4. Noteworthy for its protection against engine wear, build-up, oxidation, and corrosion, it also augments fuel efficiency and optimizes cold start functionalities.


CHEMPOL 6378, meticulously designed for gasoline engines, embodies the pinnacle of additive technology. Meeting the stringent criteria of API SN/CF and ILSAC GF-5, it excels in safeguarding engine cleanliness and ensuring robust defense against wear. Its superior oxidation stability prolongs engine life. Moreover, its unique formulation not only promotes enhanced fuel efficiency but also aids in significantly reducing emissions, playing a pivotal role in eco-friendly engine operation.


CHEMPOL 6637: This passenger car additive package adheres to the benchmarks of API SN/CF and ACEA A3/B4. Its standout features include unparalleled defense against engine wear, deposit formations, and oxidation. Additionally, it bolsters fuel economy and ensures smoother cold starts.


CHEMPOL 7755 stands out as a specialized additive, predominantly for diesel engines. Complying with the exacting standards of API CI-4/SL and ACEA E7/E5/E3/B4/B3/A3, this additive encapsulates advanced engineering. Its dominant features encompass exceptional detergency, ensuring a cleaner engine, and outstanding dispersancy to prevent deposit build-up. 

Furthermore, its commitment to preserving engine components is evident through its robust wear resistance. The additive also offers formidable protection against oxidation, extending the oil’s lifespan, and its anti-foaming characteristics ensure consistent lubrication without unnecessary air entrapment, thus optimizing engine performance.

By integrating Chempol’s additives into your product lineup, you’re not just enhancing the quality of your offerings but also promising unparalleled performance to the end-users.


Special Additives and Polymers Give Future to the Material Science

Special polymers and additives are a quickly expanding business with many uses across numerous industries.

These materials are used to enhance the functionality, characteristics, and robustness of lubricants, making them perfect for usage in various products, such as machines, engines, and automobile parts.

The polymer additive manufacturing industry is a shining example of innovation and change in a world where industries always change. There are exciting commercial prospects, economic trends, and dynamic growth from the past to the future.

A Look Into The Future Of Special Additives And Polymers

We will go into the technical details of chemical Special additives and know the terrain of the polymer and additive manufacturing market. According to data from 2022, this market had achieved a substantial landmark, valued at a staggering USD 9679.38 million.

The possibilities are promising, with a projected compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.25%, aiming to reach a whopping USD 15576.79 million by 2028. These numbers speak volumes about the stability and dynamism of this industry.

Market Overview

The global market for special additives and polymers is projected to reach $155.77 billion by 2023, growing at a CAGR of 8.25% during the projection period.

A number of factors, including

  • There is increased demand for additives and polymers for high machine performance in many industries.
  • Growing awareness of the benefits and necessary use of additives.
  • Rising technological advancement in lubricant manufacturing with OEM demands and polymer processing developments.

Industrial Key Trends

Due to industrial trends and competition for new innovations, the market is expanding. Some key trends driving the growth of special additives and polymers are:

  1. uses of sustainable and bio-based materials.
  2. Demand for lightweight and high-strength materials.
  3. Demand for functional polymers.
  4. The Development of New and Innovative Polymer Processing Technologies

Trends And Prospects Of Additives And Polymers


Currently, as we anticipate 2031, it is critical to identify the trends that will influence the landscape of polymer additive manufacturing. This industry’s trend suggests that the future will be full of opportunities.

Ecological Polymer Production

Sustainable polymer manufacture will take center stage as environmental concerns gain prominence. Using environmentally acceptable and biodegradable additives will not only comply with environmental standards but also gain the support of ethical customers.

Integration of Nanotechnology

This business is about to see even more disruption from nanotechnology. By using nanoscale additions, new materials with better mechanical characteristics and functionalities will become available.

Automation and Industry, 4.0

In the era of Industry 4.0, automation and data-driven procedures will optimize production costs and expedite manufacturing. This tendency will create opportunities for creative company plans and approaches.

World Extension

The use of polymer additive manufacturing is global. The industry’s global footprint could be shaped by partnerships and collaborations worldwide in the future.

The market for specialty additives and polymers has an optimistic future. The abovementioned factors are predicted to propel the market’s growth at a robust rate in the upcoming years.

Data and Analysis

The global market size for special additives and polymers by region is shown in the following table for the years 2022 and 2030:

Region Market Size (USD Billion) 2022 Market Size (USD Billion) 2030 CAGR (%)
North America 36.2 59.5 7.7
Europe 29.1 47.2 7.3
Asia Pacific 24.7 38.9 7.9
Latin America 4.8 7.9 7.7
Middle East and Africa 2.0 3.2 7.5
Global 96.8 155.8 7.7

The above table shows that North America and Europe are the largest markets for specialty additives and polymers. However, the Asia-Pacific is expected to be the fastest-growing market. This is because of the region’s strong economic growth and rising income.

The following table shows the global market size for special oil additives by type in 2022 and 2030:

Type 2022 (USD billion) 2030 (USD billion) CAGR (%)
Stabilizers 15.0 22.5 6.0
Flame retardants 10.5 15.7 5.5
Plasticizers 9.0 13.5 5.0
Fillers and reinforcements 8.5 12.7 5.0
Processing aids 7.5 11.2 5.0
Modifiers 7.0 10.5 5.0
Other 6.5 9.7 5.0
Total 54.0 80.0 5.0

The Financial Narrative With All The Economic Trends

The industry for polymer additive manufacturing is strong, as evidenced by the economic developments.

In the upcoming years, the market for specific additives and polymers is anticipated to gain from several economic trends, such as

  • The economy’s growing globalization
  • Consumers’ growing incomes in developing nations
  • The expanding market for ecologically friendly and sustainable products and lubricants
  • The expansion of this industry is inextricably linked to important economic considerations.

There are further looks for future trends in the financial narrative.

The inflow of Investments

Both governmental and private sector investments are coming in as the business is still doing well. This funding is support for advancing research and development, which opens the door to new technological developments.

Creation of Jobs

Employment growth is a direct result of the polymer additive manufacturing industry’s progress. Expert workers are in high demand, from engineers to chemists, which makes this a great industry for employment opportunities.

Revenue Growth

In this industry, revenue generation is trending upward. Specialised polymers and additives are in high demand, which guarantees steady revenue growth and attracts investment.

Opportunities for Business

There are a ton of lucrative company prospects in the polymer additive manufacturing sector that only need to be investigated. Those wishing to enter this exciting field have the following options:

New And Innovative Technological Polymers

It can be creating novel and inventive specialty polymers and additives way ahead. It forces industries to extend themselves to new uses and markets.

Business Collaboration

It allows businesses to collaborate with other businesses to create and market innovative goods and technology. Furthermore, it helps in purchasing or combining with other businesses to increase market share and product offers.

Investigation and Evolution

It can be revolutionary to invest in R&D to develop new additives and polymers with unique characteristics. Products that meet market demands are likely to find enthusiastic purchasers.

Supply Chain Enhancement

It is crucial to create effective supply chains to guarantee the timely delivery of polymers and additives. Considering the ongoing demand in the industry, this may be an economically viable option.

Sustainable Solutions

By creating and promoting ecologically friendly polymers and additives, companies may capitalize on the sustainability movement and win over customers and clients who care about the environment.

Education prospects

There will be an increasing demand for skilled workers as the sector grows. Creating training centers or academic institutions with an emphasis on polymer additive manufacturing might be a profitable endeavor.

Key Players in Speciality Polymers And Additives


Some of the key players in the special additives and polymers market include:

  • Dow Chemical Company
  • DuPont de Nemours, Inc.
  • Evonik Industries AG
  • Exxon Mobil Corporation
  • Lanxess AG
  • Solvay S.A.
  • WACKER Chemie AG
  • Chempol

With a vast array of uses, the special additives and polymers industry is a creative, quickly expanding sector. The market is anticipated to grow at a healthy rate in the upcoming years.

The field of specialty additives and polymers has a bright future ahead of it, full of prospects. A sustainable approach to manufacturing, growth, and innovation are all promised on the voyage from the present to 2031. Chempol, as professionals, suppliers, and manufacturers, are poised to usher in an extraordinary period in the history of the polymer additive sector. The opportunities are enticing, and the potential is boundless. Accept the future and participate in the revolution of unique additives and polymers.

Evaluation of newly copolymers and Diesel Engine-Oil Additives lubricating oil

Evaluation of Newly Co-polymers and Diesel Engine Oil Additives Lubricating Oil

Lubricant oils are necessary for the smooth running of diesel engines specifically and to the machines generally.  The reason is that they reduce friction, wear, provide cooling, and remove contamination. One additional thing is added to them” additives” that boost the machine’s performance.

Importance of Lubricants for Diesel Engines

Diesel engines are workhorses of various industries, powering trucks, ships, and generators. Their operation is under extreme conditions, subjecting their internal components to high temperatures and pressures. 

The oil is a lifeline for these engines, providing essential functions such as:

Friction Reduction:

Lubricants create a barrier shield between moving parts, minimizing friction and wear. This results in extended engine life and improved fuel efficiency.

Heat Dissipation:

Diesel engines generate a substantial amount of heat. Lubricants and diesel engine oil additives help dissipate this heat, preventing overheating and engine failure. 

Corrosion Prevention:

Lubricants contain anti-corrosion additives. These are chemical substances that protect engine parts from moisture and chemical attacks. 

Cleansing Action:

detergents and dispersant additives keep the engine clean by preventing the formation of sludge and deposits.

Emission Reduction:

advanced lubricants, along with their additives, can reduce harmful emissions. Thus, they help contribute to environmental sustainability.

Types Of Additives In Lubricating Oils

Diesel engine oil lubricants are formulated with various additives to achieve these vital functions. these are: 

Viscosity Index Improvers

These additives improve the viscosity-temperature relationship, ensuring adequate lubrication across a multiple temperature range. 

Pour Point Depressants: 

They avoid thickening in cold weather by lowering the temperature at which the oil flows.

Anti-Wear Agents: 

These additives minimize wear and increase engine longevity by lowering friction between metal surfaces.


Detergent additives keep engine parts clean by stopping the buildup of sludge and deposits.


Dispersants keep impurities and combustion byproducts suspended in the oil, keeping them from adhering to engine surfaces.

Anti-Corrosion Agents: 

These additives guard against rust and corrosion in engine parts.

The Goal: Assessing Copolymers as Multipurpose Additives

Our primary goal is to assess the characteristics and applications of recently synthesized copolymers as multipurpose lubricant additives. Alkyl acrylate and maleic anhydride are used in a synthetic process to make these copolymers. These compounds react with various amines to form amide groups. To determine the structure and molecular weight of these copolymers, characterization techniques such as gel permeation chromatography (GPC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) were used.

Lubricating oils contain the following primary categories of additives:

  • Viscosity index improvers, or VIIs, keep the viscosity of the oil constant across a broad temperature range.
  • Pour point depressants (PPDs) facilitate easier oil flow at low temperatures by lowering the oil’s pour point.
  • Anti-wear chemicals lessen wear and friction between moving parts.
  • Engine surfaces are cleaned of deposits and impurities using detergents.
  • In order to be filtered out, dispersants maintain impurities floating in the oil.
  • Engine parts are shielded from corrosion by anti-corrosion chemicals.


this study aims to assess the characteristics and applications of recently created copolymers for multipurpose lubricant additives.

Synthesis And Characterization Of Copolymer  

The copolymers were made by combining different amines with maleic anhydride and alkyl acrylates to form amide groups. Below is an example of the synthesis reaction:

To verify the structure and molecular weight of the copolymers, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) were applied.

The following table shows some of the characterization results:

Copolymer 1Strong bands at 1720 cm−1 (C=O) and 1540 cm−1 (N−H)Peaks at 3.3 ppm (CH2CH2NHCO) and 1.2 ppm (CH3CH2CH2O)Mn = 5000 g/mol
Copolymer 2Strong bands at 1720 cm−1 (C=O) and 1540 cm−1 (N−H)Peaks at 3.6 ppm (CH2CH2NHCO) and 0.9 ppm (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3)Mn = 6000 g/mol
Copolymer 3Strong bands at 1720 cm−1 (C=O) and 1540 cm−1 (N−H)Peaks at 3.8 ppm (CH2CH2NHCO) and 1.6 ppm (CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3)Mn = 7000 g/mol

Assessment of Emissions and Performance of Lubricating Oil

The recently produced copolymers were used as multipurpose additives into polyol base oil. They underwent a series of experiments to evaluate their effects on a range of attributes, such as the viscosity index, pour point, anti-wear, anti-friction, detergent-dispersant, and anti-corrosion qualities. Next, the outcomes were contrasted with those of various commercial additions and a blank polyol.

As multifunctional additives, the copolymers were added to polyol base oil, and their viscosity index, pour point, anti-wear, anti-friction, detergent-dispersant, and anti-corrosion capabilities were evaluated. The outcomes were contrasted with those of other commercial additions and blank polyol.

The following table shows a summary of the results:

PropertyCopolymer 1Copolymer 2Copolymer 3Blank polyolCommercial additive 1Commercial additive 2
Viscosity index150160170100120140
Pour point (°C)-20-25-30-5-10-15
Anti-wear index0.950.970.990.900.920.94
Anti-friction coefficient0.
Detergent-dispersant performanceExcellentExcellentExcellentGoodGoodExcellent
Anti-corrosion performanceExcellentExcellentExcellentGoodGoodExcellent

Advantages and disadvantages of each copolymer as a multifunctional additive

Copolymer 1: High viscosity index, low pour point, excellent anti-wear and anti-friction properties, good detergent-dispersant properties, and good anti-corrosion properties. 

Copolymer 2: Excellent anti-wear and anti-friction properties, good detergent-dispersant properties, and good anti-corrosion properties. 

Copolymer 3: High viscosity index, low pour point, and good detergent-dispersant properties.  

Synthesis and Characterization of Additives

Engine oil manufacturers synthesize copolymers meticulously to ensure their effectiveness as Additives. The process involved the reaction of alkyl acrylate and maleic anhydride with various amines to form amide groups. This chemical transformation is carefully monitored and controlled. Subsequently, the copolymers are subject to rigorous characterization, including:

  1. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR): FTIR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of specific functional groups in the copolymers, validating their structure and formation. 
  2. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR): NMR analysis provided insights into the copolymers’ molecular structure and composition.

Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC): GPC determined the molecular weight distribution, ensuring uniformity.


Preserving the Pristine Ocean Ecosystem: A Call to Action for Marine Oil Additives Manufacturers in the UAE

The COP28 Summit in Spain will be a crucial opportunity for the international community to act and keep things differently. 

The captivating beauty of our oceans and water is a testament to the wonderful planet that we own. But beneath the surface lies an ecosystem in peril. One thing that demands our attention is saving marine life from the harmful effects of marine oil and additives.

Preserving the pristine state of our oceans is not just a global responsibility but a call of duty for global industries, including the marine oil additive manufacturers in the UAE.

The COP28 Summit in Spain will be a crucial opportunity for the international community to act and keep global warming within 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. This is a beacon of hope, offering a platform for global leaders to address the pressing issue of marine conservation.

In the lubricants and additives industry, where the reliance on marine transportation is substantial, our role in protecting ocean health is paramount.

As one of the world’s top producers and users of gas and oil, the UAE can make a big contribution to the clean energy transition by lowering its carbon footprint. By implementing more environmentally friendly procedures and goods, the marine oil additives sector—which supplies lubricants and specialty compounds for maritime applications—can also support this endeavor.

Causes of Marine Pollution That Oil Additives Bring


Marine lube oil additives are substances that reduce friction and wear between ships’ engine parts. They are organic (from petroleum), synthetic (artificially made), and vegetable oils. These oils can cause water pollution when they are leaked, spilled, or discharged from various resources, such as ships, pipelines, offshore platforms, or industrial facilities.

Some of the ways that marine diesel oil additives can cause water pollution and harm marine life are:

  • Lubricants create a thin layer on the surface of water, decreasing the amount of sunlight and oxygen, resulting in no sunrays on ocean beds. This can impact the photosynthetic function of marine plants, which are the source of oxygen for marine life.
  • Lubricants can cover the feathers of birds, seabirds, and marine mammals, leading to the loss of their insulation and buoyancy. This can lead to the consequences of hypothermia, drowning, or reduced mobility and feeding capacity in birds.
  • Marine animals can mistakenly ingest marine oil and lubricants with food or water. This can cause internal damage, starvation, or the poisoning of species.
  • Lubricants can have a toxic additive that can collect in the tissues of marine organisms and cause various health problems, such as cancer, generative disorders, or immune system dysfunction.
  • Marine engine oil additives can change seawater’s biological and chemical properties, such as temperature, saltiness, pH, and density. The results can influence the marine organisms’ growth, development, and survival.

Oil Additive Manufacturers Can Play Their Role

Marine oil and lubricants are one of the many sources of ocean pollution that seriously threaten the health of marine ecosystems. To prevent and reduce that impact, some possible solutions in the form of additives that manufacturers can take care of are:

  1. Use biodegradable and environmentally friendly lubricants that have less harmful effects on the environment and marine life; this can be organic or vegetable oil.
  2. Implementation of strict regulations and standards for the disposal and treatment of lubricants to prevent leaks and spills in water.
  3. The reusability of marine oils can be an effective way.
  4. Educating the public and raising awareness about the causes and futuristic dangers of lubricants through different mediums of communication, such as digital or social media.
  5. Encouraging research and innovation on alternative energy sources and technology that reduce the use and dependability of lubricants.
  6. Collaborating with other stakeholders in the oil and gas industry, as well as the government and civil society, to promote best practices and standards for environmental protection.
  7. Most importantly, using biodegradable and environmentally friendly additives reduces harmful emissions and prevents oil spills.

These are some of the steps that can help save the marine environment. These are also helpful for oil additives. manufacturers in the UAE, where they can enhance their competitiveness and profitability and demonstrate their social responsibility.

What is the UAE’s story?


The marine environment and ecosystem are closely intertwined with the businesses and lives of the Emirates. Its waters are used for desalination and other industrial activities. While the marine sector contributes to the UAE’s growth, the country’s dramatic rise also contributes to marine flora and fauna. The UAE faces many challenges and environmental threats, such as biodiversity loss, marine and coastal area pollution, and poor water quality.

There is no doubt that oceans are affected by maritime traffic. Ships and vessels are a source of pollution that affects marine water quality and marine life. They usually discharge wastewater, oil and grease, fuel spills, and chemicals into the marine waters.

Considering all these things, the lubricant oil industry keenly observes the use of sustainable additives and chemicals, especially in the UAE. However, there is a need for more advancements.

The Technological Advancements In The Oil And Chemical Industry

Recent advancements in marine oil additive technology provide us with the tools and ideas to minimize our ecological footprints, especially in the marine environment. Biodegradable additives, eco-friendly lubricants, and enhanced filtration systems are just a few steps taken now.

These innovations have reduced the environmental impact of our industry and protected marine life from the harmful effects of pollution.

As an additives manufacturer in the UAE, our proximity to the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea waterways underscores our responsibility. We are advocates for stringent regulations, investing in research and development, and promoting eco-conscious practices within our industry.

Preserving the pristine state of our oceans is not just a moral obligation but also an economic one. A healthy marine environment is the source of fisheries, tourism, and countless livelihoods. Let’s come together, gather our technological possibilities, and pledge to protect our oceans with the design of the best oil additives for diesel engines to protect our oceans for generations to come. One action today will determine the fate of the world tomorrow.


Automotive Lubricants Additives: How They Change The Performance To Outstanding

Lubricants are necessary for multiple machinery and vehicles to run smoothly and effectively. They enhance performance, fuel efficiency, and durability while reducing friction, wear, and corrosion. However, not all lubricants are made equal. Certain original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), like Mercedes-Benz, Volvo, Cummins, and others, have their own criteria and standards, and certain lubricants are particularly designed to fulfill their needs and demands.

To make sure that the lubricants they authorize are compatible with their engines and systems and provide the best possible protection and performance, these OEMs have their own criteria and testing.

Besides OEM approvals, some chemicals affect the performance of lubricants. These chemicals are additives. Automotive lubricants frequently include additives to give oils certain grades to accomplish these tasks with experts.

Additives may improve a lubricant’s performance in a number of ways. The following automotive lubricants additives guide will shed some light:


These additives lessen the friction between moving elements, lowering energy use and heat production.


These additives provide a shield of protection over the engine’s metal surfaces, preventing wear and increasing engine life.

Extreme pressure:

These additives avoid metal-to-metal contact, preventing seizure and damage under very high loads.


These additives keep the oil from oxidizing and degrading under high temperatures and pressures, allowing for more time between oil changes and less oil usage.


These additives keep metal elements from corroding due to moisture or acid combustion products, improving engine implementation and cleanliness.


These additives keep pistons, valves, rings, and other engine modules clean and execute better by preventing the buildup of sludge and resin.


These additives maintain the immobile impurities in suspension, preventing them from settling and blocking the oil filter or other passageways.

Viscosity Modifiers:

By enhancing the oil’s viscosity-temperature properties, these additives ensure enough lubrication is available at both low and high temperatures.

Pour Point Depressants:

These additives reduce the oil’s melting point, keeping it liquid at low temperatures.

Foam Inhibitors:

Stop the growth of air bubbles in the oil, which may lessen the oil’s lubricating properties.

Factors that contribute to the performance of automotive lubricant additives


The type and quantity of additives used in a lubricant will vary according to a number of factors, including the base oil type (mineral or synthetic), the application (automotive, industrial, or marine), the engine type (gasoline or diesel), the operating conditions (temperature, load, speed), and the OEM specifications.

In recent years, nanoparticles as lubricant additives have drawn more attention. Materials with at least one dimension between 1 and 100 nanometers are called nanomaterials. Nanomaterials’ distinctive physical and chemical characteristics may improve how well traditional lubricants smooth surfaces. The following are some benefits of using nanoparticles as lubricant additives:

  • Tiny Size: To provide a trustworthy and competent lubricating layer to protect metal surfaces from friction, nanomaterials may fill in tiny holes and exterior bumps.
  • High application: Because they can withstand high forces without changing their shapes or functions, these nanomaterials are well suited for high-working applications.
  • Chemistries: Numerous substances or elements, such as metals, metal oxides, carbon-based materials, etc., may be used to create nanomaterials. This greatly expands the options for changing their parts and connections to the base oil and metal surfaces.
  • High Reactivity: Nanomaterials have a high surface area to volume ratio, which results in more exposed atoms or molecules on their surface. This makes them more reactive with the basic oil or metal surfaces, which leads to the formation of strong bonds or coatings that may enhance lubricating characteristics.

The Contribution of Nanomaterials

The Contribution of Nanomaterials

The following are some examples of nanomaterials that have been researched as lubricant additives:

  • Graphene is a single layer of a hexagonal network of carbon atoms. This has outstanding mechanical strength, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and lubricity qualities. Graphene can decrease wear and friction by creating a thin, smooth coating on metal surfaces. Graphene can enhance the basic oil’s thermal stability and anti-oxidation qualities.
  • Metal nanoparticles: metal nanoparticles with diameters varying from a few to tens of nanometers, including copper, silver, gold, iron, nickel, and others. They can roll or slide between the metal surfaces to act as solid lubricants. By developing protective coatings, or tribofilms, on metal surfaces, these nanoparticles can additionally improve the base oil’s anti-wear and extreme pressure capabilities.
  • Metal oxide nanoparticles are particles of metal oxides with diameters ranging from a few to tens of nanometers, such as zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, cerium oxide, aluminum oxide, etc. By rolling or sliding across the metal surfaces, metal oxide nanoparticles may serve as solid lubricants. Metal oxide nanoparticles can also improve the high-pressure and anti-wear properties of the base oil by coating the metal surfaces with protective layers called tribofilms.
  • Carbon nanotubes: Carbon nanotubes are cylindrical structures made of carbon atoms. Their lengths may reach several micrometers, while their diameters range from a few to tens of nanometers. Amazing mechanical strength, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and lubricity characteristics may be found in carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes may minimize wear and friction by producing a thin, smooth coating over metal surfaces. Carbon nanotubes may also enhance the base oil’s thermal stability and anti-oxidation qualities.

The Positive Results

Although laboratory testing and simulations of nanomaterials as lubricant additives have shown positive outcomes, there are still certain difficulties and restrictions with regard to their practical usage. Among these difficulties and restrictions are:

  • Cost: Due to the high cost of synthesis, purification, and characterization, nanomaterials are often more costly than traditional additives. The performance gain over traditional additives, as well as their accessibility and scalability, determine how cost-effective nanoparticles as lubricant additives are.
  • Dispersion: Due to their high surface energy and limited solubility, nanomaterials have a propensity to aggregate or silt in base oils. As lubricant additives, this may lessen their stability and efficacy. To achieve a consistent and stable distribution of nanomaterials in the base oil, appropriate dispersion techniques and agents are thus required.
  • Compatibility: Nanomaterials may interact with the base oil or other lubricant additives, changing the characteristics or performance of those components. Nanomaterials, for instance, may interfere with the actions of other additives or change the viscosity, acidity, or flash point of the base oil. The best performance of nanoparticles as lubricant additives must thus be ensured via compatibility testing and analysis.
  • Toxicity: Due to their tiny size, strong reactivity, and unknown effects on living creatures, nanomaterials can pose potential dangers to human health and the environment. Nanomaterials, for instance, may enter the body of a person through breathing, eating, or skin contact and have negative consequences, including inflammation, oxidative stress, or DNA damage. To verify that nanoparticles are safe to use as lubricant additives, toxicity testing, and evaluations are thus required.

Company That Leads The Way

Chempol is one of the top producers of lubricants and additives for the automobile sector. A leader in the petrochemical industry, Chempol creates formulas and produces chemical additives for lubricants and motor oils. Chempol specializes in offering top-notch products that satisfy the demands of the global lubricant industry. Chempol offers its own line of additives in the UAE and is extensively utilized in GCC nations, including those in the MENA, Asia, and Asia-Pacific.

Chempol provides a variety of products for use in automotive applications. the industry is a chemical supplier in UAE, including

  • Chempol Diesel Engine Oil Additives are multipurpose additive packages that provide engine base oil with great performance and protection. They are compliant with API CK-4, CJ-4, CI-4 Plus, CI-4, CH-4, CG-4, CF-4, and CD-12 requirements.
  • Chempol’s gasoline engine oil additives are multipurpose packages that provide gasoline engines with outstanding performance and protection. They adhere to API SN Plus, SN, SM, SL, SJ, SH, SG, SF, and SE 13 requirements.
  • Chempol Viscosity Index Improvers: These polymer-based additives, known as Chempol, improve engine oils’ viscosity-temperature properties. They provide appropriate lubrication at both low and high temperatures. They come in a variety of forms, including hydrogenated styrene-diene copolymers (HSD), olefin copolymers, styrene-isoprene copolymers, and polymethacrylates (PMA).
  • Chempol Marine Oil Additives: These multipurpose additive packages provide marine engines with outstanding performance and protection. They satisfy ACEA E7, E5, E4, E3, E2, and E1-15 requirements.
  • Transmission oil additives by Chempol: These versatile additive packages provide great performance and protection for transmission systems. They follow ATF DEXRON VI, V, IIIH/G/F/E/D/C/B/A, and MERCON V/LV/SP/LT71141/DEX/MATIC/ATF+4/ATF+3/ATF+2/ATF+1/ATF requirements. SUFFIX A/T

Customized Solutions for Every Industry

Customized Solutions for Every Industry

Technological progress is reaching new heights, and we are trying to keep pace with the new technicalities and scientific advancements. With the emergence of new industries, smooth operations would only be possible with industrial lubricants and additives added to fulfill the challenge. Chempol, additives suppliers and manufacturer follows these developments closely and looks forward to any challenge in the automotive field.

Every industry has unique and different requirements, and Chempol understands those requirements. Thus, we design additives for every automotive, textile, food processing, or wind power industry. Our advanced research and developments aim to meet all kinds of lubricant applications.

How Engine Oil Additives Affect Diesel Particulate Matter Emissions

How Engine Oil Additives Affect Diesel Particulate Matter Emissions

Diesel engines are extensively operated in many different industries, including transportation and power production, because of their great power, efficiency, and dependability. However, diesel engines can also release toxic pollutants, such as particulate matter (PM), which can harm the environment and human health.

These engines release gas-containing particulate matter (PM), a combination of liquid and solid particles. Particulate matter has three characterizations into three size ranges:

  • Coarse mode (more than 250 nm)
  • Accumulation mode (50-250 nm)
  • Nucleation mode (less than 50 nm)

Numerous variables, including fuel quality, engine design, operating circumstances, and emission control technology, affect PM’s size, quantity, and composition.

The composition of the best oil additives for diesel engines is one of the variables that might affect PM emissions from diesel engines.

Engine Oil With Additives Are Effective On Many Scales

Engine Oil With Additives Are Effective On Many Scales

Engine oil is a lubricant that lowers wear and friction between the engine’s moving components. In addition, engine oil cools, cleans, seals, and shields the engine, among other things. Engine oil comprises a basic oil and many additives that improve its characteristics.

Special additives which are present in the basic oil enhance its longevity and performance. Antioxidants, anti-wear additives, dispersants, detergents, pour-point depressants, viscosity-index improvers, and anti-foaming agents are a few types of engine oil additives.

Engine Oil Additives May Impact Diesel Engine PM emissions In A Number Of Ways

#1- Controlled Emission Rate

First, engine oil additives may impact the engine’s oil consumption rate. Oil consumption means the quantity of oil lost from the engine due to evaporation, leakage, or combustion. Oil consumption might increase PM emissions by creating nucleation mode particles during the engine cycle’s expansion stroke. Unburned hydrocarbons and metal compounds from the engine oil additives make up most of these particles.

#2- Oxidation Stability

Secondly, adding special chemicals or additives impacts the oxidation stability of engine oil. Oxidation stability is the other name for the oil’s capacity to withstand oxidation and high temperatures. Increased oil viscosity, foaming, metal component corrosion, sludge, and varnish production are all possible effects of oxidation. Oxidation may also impact PM emissions by causing an increase in the quantity and size of accumulation mode particles—created when nucleation mode particles aggregate. The gasoline and motor oil additives’ carbonaceous soot and ash comprise most of these particles.

#3- Physicochemical Characteristics

Third, engine oil additives impact the physicochemical characteristics of PM. The shape, size distribution, mass concentration, number concentration, elemental composition, and surface chemistry of PM are examples of its physicochemical features. These characteristics may influence the PM’s toxicity and environmental effects.

Necessary Things To Take Care

Necessary Things To Take Care

It is crucial to characterize the PM properties as well as the engine oil formulation to understand how engine oil additives impact PM emissions from diesel engines. A substance’s numerous properties and traits are measured and analyzed as part of the characterization process. Manufacturers and industries bring in new and different approaches or techniques appropriate for diverse applications and goals that determine the characterization. For instance:

Techniques including spectroscopy, chromatography, microscopy, viscosity testing, acid-base titration, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) can characterize the engine oil formulation. These techniques and methods find the kind, grade, quality, composition, and characteristics of the additives and base oil.

Other techniques to characterize the PM emissions from diesel engines are differential mobility spectroscopy (DMS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), gravimetry, and particle size analysis. These techniques may provide details on the PM’s shape, elemental composition, number concentration, mass concentration, and size distribution.

One may determine the impact of various engine oil additive benefits on diesel particulate emissions and create a link between them by characterizing the PM emissions from diesel engines as well as the engine oil formulation.

Different Researches Determined The Particulate Emission

Different Researches Determined The Particulate Emission

A recent research by Kim et al looked at how a light-duty diesel engine’s PM properties were affected by the composition of the engine oil. They picked A 1.6 L Euro-5 diesel to serve as the test engine running at low to high speeds and with heavy loads. They came out with the following tests:

  • They analyzed the effectiveness of specially prepared non-additive, including real and base oil.
  • Physicochemical analytical methods were carried out on engine oil formulation, oil flushing, PM sampling, morphology, and particle component identification with the purpose of characterizing diesel PM.
  • DMS assessed the size-resolved particle number (PN) concentration at the engine-out position.
  • The concentration of nucleation mode particles from real oil was greater than that of base oil when they originated from engine oil consumption during the expansion stroke.
  • SEM and XPS methods for the analysis of morphological patterns and atomic compositions of engine oil additives.


THE spherical PM of nucleation and accumulation mode particles were agglomerated on a quartz filter. The PM sample from real oil manufacturers in UAE showed higher oil additive percentages of Ca, P, and Zn in the XPS spectrum.

To conclude, the exhaust gas stream’s additive metal compositions, shape, and PN emissions created from engine oil were significantly influenced by variations in the physicochemical qualities of the oil as well as the number of additives used.

According to this research, diesel oil additives may significantly impact diesel engine particle emissions. Because of this, it’s critical to choose the appropriate kind and quantity of engine oil additives for various diesel engines and operating environments. Diesel engines may benefit from engine oil additives in a number of ways, including increased longevity, performance, and engine cleanliness. Nevertheless, there are drawbacks to engine oil additives as well, such as increased expense, complexity, and environmental effects. Thus the user should carefully choose the engine oil additives and optimise them to strike a balance between the advantages and the disadvantages.

Industrial Oil Additives Enhancing Performance and Extending Lifespan

Industrial Oil Additives: Enhancing Performance and Extending Lifespan

In industrial machinery and engines, ensuring optimal performance and longevity is crucial. Industrial oil additives play a pivotal role in achieving these goals by enhancing the capabilities of lubricating oils.

The Importance of Lubrication in Industrial Machinery

Lubrication is the lifeblood of industrial machinery. It reduces friction between moving parts, dissipates heat, prevents wear and tear, and protects against corrosion. Without proper lubrication, machinery can experience premature failure and increased maintenance costs.

Comprehending Industrial Oil Additives

Industrial oil additives are meticulously formulated compounds skillfully blended into lubricating oils to reinforce their inherent characteristics. These additives are carefully engineered to harmonise with the base oil, imparting diverse advantages that enhance equipment performance.

Additionally, it’s worth noting that oil additives optimise lubrication, minimise wear and tear, and protect against corrosion and extreme conditions. The deliberate fusion of these compounds with base oils creates a well-balanced synergy that bolsters industrial machinery’s efficiency, reliability, and longevity. The industries that are hit with the use of additives are the following:

  • Gasoline Engines
  • Marine oil
  • Diesel Engines
  • Automotive

Common Types of Industrial Oil Additives

Detergents and Dispersants

Detergents in oil additives help to clean and remove deposits from engine components. Dispersants, conversely, keep contaminants suspended in the oil, preventing them from forming harmful sludge and varnish.

Anti-Wear Additives

Anti-wear additives form a protective layer on metal surfaces, reducing friction and wear. They are particularly vital in high-pressure applications where metal-to-metal contact is likely.

Viscosity Index Improvers

Viscosity index improvers maintain oil viscosity across a wide temperature range. They ensure consistent lubrication, regardless of whether the machinery operates in extreme cold or heat.

Anti-Foaming Agents

Foaming can reduce the effectiveness of lubrication and cause air entrainment. Anti-foaming additives prevent excessive foam formation, ensuring efficient lubrication.

Enhancing Performance with Additives

Enhancing Performance

The Decline of Friction and Wear

Diesel Engine Oil Additives significantly reduce friction and wear between moving parts, minimising energy loss and extending the lifespan of the equipment.

Temperature and Oxidation Control

Additives help control oil oxidation, preventing the formation of sludge and deposits that can degrade performance. They also enhance the oil’s ability to handle high temperatures without breaking down.

Prevention of Corrosion

Corrosion inhibitors in additives create a protective barrier on metal surfaces, safeguarding against rust and corrosion, even in harsh operating conditions.

Considerations for Effective Usage

Compatibility with Base Oils

It’s crucial to ensure that the chosen additives are compatible with the base oil to achieve optimal performance without adverse reactions.

Proper Dosage

Following manufacturer recommendations for additive dosage is essential. Overdosing can lead to unintended consequences and reduced effectiveness.

Environmental Impact

Consider the environmental impact of additives, opting for eco-friendly products that comply with regulations.

Choosing the Right Additives for Your Application

Extending Lifespan

Selecting the appropriate additives depends on the equipment type, operating conditions, and the desired performance improvements. Consulting with experts can help in making informed decisions.

Real-World Benefits of Industrial Oil Additives

Several industries have experienced remarkable efficiency and cost savings improvements due to the strategic use of oil additives. Different studies demonstrate how customised additive solutions have extended equipment life and reduced downtime.

Is it Feasible to Introduce Additives to Depleted Oil? If So, How and What Types of Additives?

Incorporating additives into oil that has been depleted is a question that often arises in lubrication. While the replenishment of additives after depletion can be theoretically possible, it’s a practice that requires careful consideration and expertise.

Here’s a closer look at the concept and its feasibility:

Additives in Lubricants:

Most lubricants are formulated with additives, each serving specific functions tailored to their intended applications. These compounds augment the base stock properties, elevating overall performance.

Designed To Be Used Additives:

Many additives are designed to be used, meaning they are consumed or depleted over time during work.

Consequently, their concentration and efficacy diminish. This aspect is often overlooked due to scheduled oil changes or oil contamination.

Challenges and Considerations:

Reviving depleted additives is complex and only sometimes practical. Factors such as the type of additive, Viscosity Index Improver, its compatibility with the depleted oil, and the potential of adverse interactions must be evaluated.

Types of Depleted Additives:

Additives that could be depleted during a lubricant’s lifespan encompass antioxidants, rust protectants, anti-wear, extreme pressure, and anti-foam additives.

Additive Replenishment Illustration:

Consider a scenario where an antioxidant additive is introduced into in-service oil before its complete depletion. This can extend the oil’s performance, but proper understanding and consultation are crucial.

Seeking Professional Advice:

For those pondering the addition of additives to depleted oil, consulting experts in lubrication and additives is advised. They can provide insights into compatibility, optimal formulations, and potential risks.

Companies Offering Additive Replenishment:

While certain companies might offer additive replenishment services, their availability and feasibility can vary. Exploring partnerships with established experts in lubrication and additives is recommended.

While reintroducing additives to depleted oil is intriguing, it’s a practice that demands expertise and careful consideration. Collaborating with professionals in the field can provide valuable guidance on its feasibility and best practices.

Maximising the performance and longevity of your industrial machinery necessitates the astute integration of suitable industrial oil additives. These additives, by enhancing lubricating oils, exert a significant influence in curtailing wear, minimising downtime, and ensuring streamlined operation. Remember to opt for additives aligning with your equipment’s requisites, observe usage guidelines diligently, and champion environmentally responsible alternatives.

Replenishing Additives for Oil and Machinery: A Feasible Approach

Replenishing additives before oil or machinery damage occurs is viable, and many companies provide this service. You can explore these services by searching online keywords like “readditizing lubricants” or “never change your oil.” However, weighing the pros and cons of this practice is essential.


  1. Cost Savings: Avoiding a complete lubricant change translates to savings regarding new lubricant procurement.
  2. Minimal Downtime: Depending on the service, it might not be necessary to halt the machinery for a complete changeout. Incremental additivities can occur while the equipment remains operational.
  3. Suitability for High-Intensity Machinery: Particularly suitable for sizable machinery with substantial lubricant volumes, running non-stop 24/7.


  1. Thorough Analysis: Extensive oil analysis of the in-service lubricant becomes crucial to ascertain additive properties precisely.
  2. Compatibility Testing: It’s recommended to conduct compatibility tests on both the lubricant and the additives.
  3. Comprehensive Monitoring: Implementing a robust oil analysis program becomes imperative to track the performance of the new additive formula.

It’s essential to conduct a comprehensive cost-benefit assessment when contemplating the addition of additives to your oil. This evaluation should encompass financial expenditures, resource allocation for implementation and maintenance, and the potential extension of the lubricant’s lifespan. Your decision-making process should also consider the overarching benefits of prolonging lubricant longevity.

The decision to introduce additives to your oil is multifaceted and should be determined on a case-by-case basis. The interplay of pros and cons and your unique circumstances will guide the most suitable choice for your machinery and lubrication needs.


How Lubricant Works With Different Formulated Viscosity Index Improvers

Lubricant properties are measured by viscosity, high stability, performance in high and low temperatures, water resistance, and volatility. Lubrication science optimises performance by managing these properties with base oils and additives. Viscosity is key, affecting flow and protecting parts from wear.

When other forces like gravity act on a fluid, the molecules start to move against each other, causing molecular-level friction that opposes flow. The higher the internal friction, the higher the viscosity of the fluid. How a fluid’s viscosity responds to changes in temperature and pressure determines how well it can perform the basic functions of a lubricant.

When lubricant base oils cool, they thicken and solidify below a certain temperature, known as the pour point. This increases the lubricant’s load-carrying capacity and significantly impairs its circulation ability. Conversely, lubricants become thinner when heated, which reduces their work to carry a load and saves metal-to-metal contact.

Extreme pressure can also reduce oil viscosity, a process known as mechanical shearing. This decreases the lubricant’s film strength and ability to prevent metal-to-metal contact and wear. However, trying to control this by selecting a higher viscosity can end up in oil starvation, as it will not flow freely through smaller passages. The proper viscosity for the intended application is critical to ensure that the oil circulates properly and provides adequate film strength under pressure.

Viscosity: A Fluid Resistance To Flow

The viscosity index is the calculation of a fluid’s resistance to flow. It is typically measured using a kinematic or dynamic grading system that the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) or Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has settled.

Besides that American Petroleum Institute (API) Service Classification and SAE J-300 Engine Oils Viscosity Classification are two important standards for the authenticity of gasoline and diesel motor oils. Here are some additional details about viscosity:

  • Temperature and pressure become effective on VII.
  • Higher-viscosity fluids are thicker and flow more slowly than lower-viscosity fluids.
  • Viscosity is important in many applications, including lubrication, hydraulics, and aerodynamics.

There are many methods to measure the fluid viscosity, including the capillary viscometer, rotational viscometer, and falling ball viscometer—equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and consumers to understand each lubricant’s functional characteristics and limitations.
Low-viscosity fluids are thinner and lighter than high-viscosity fluids. Low-viscosity motor oil (0W-20) flows faster than high-viscosity oil (20W-50).

Benefits Of A Viscosity Index Improver


  • VIIs allow engine oils and drilling fluids to operate over a wider temperature range. This means you can use them in hot and cold climates without changing the oil as often.
  • VIIs decrease the need for frequent oil changes. This can save money and time and reduce the environmental impact of oil disposal.
  • Lubricating oils with VIIs have a longer service life. This means that users can use them for longer periods before there is a need to replace them.
  • viscosity index makes oils and lubricants easier to process and flow. this can reduce the cost for manufacturers and help them improve the final product’s quality.
  • High-level machine longevity and lower energy consumption result in lower production costs for industries. this helps businesses to save money and also helps them to reduce the environmental impact through smooth manufacturing.

Viscosity Modifiers And Viscosity Improvers

Oil viscosity modifiers and viscosity improvers are additives to reduce viscosity changes at high and low temperatures. This helps to keep lubricants and greases effective over a wider range of temperatures. They often come in combination with viscosity index improvers, further enhancing the performance of lubricants and greases.

Many industries offer a variety of oil viscosity modifiers and viscosity improvers, including polymers for engine fluids. These additives and polymers help to improve the performance of drilling fluids by increasing their viscosity, which allows to reduce friction and prevents them from wear and tear.

Viscosity modifiers and viscosity improvers are essential to many lubricants and greases. They help keep these products effective over a wide range of temperatures, which is important for various applications.

Formula For The Viscosity Index:


The viscosity index (VI) is a measure of how much a fluid’s viscosity changes with temperature. A high VI means that the fluid’s density varies little with temperature, while a low VI means that the fluid’s viscosity changes significantly.
The VI of a fluid can be calculated using the following formula:
VI = 100 – 100 * (log(η40) – log(η100))

  • η40 is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid at 40°C
  • η100 is the kinematic viscosity of the liquid at 100°C

Viscosity index improved examples include multipurpose tractor transmission fluids, automatic transmission fluids, power steering fluids, industrial gear oils, and more. These fluids are all used in applications where the liquid needs to have a consistent viscosity over a wide range of temperatures.

For example, in a transmission, the fluid must flow smoothly at low temperatures when the car is first started. Still, it must also be able to provide adequate lubrication at high temperatures when the vehicle is driving at high speeds. A high VI fluid can do both things, while a low VI fluid cannot.

Viscosity index improved fluids are made by adding additives to the base oil. These additives help to keep the liquid from thinning out at high temperatures and thickening out at low temperatures.

Major Chemicals And Polymers Used For The Formation Of Viscosity Index Improvers


Viscosity index improvers are typically made from polymers, which are long chains of molecules. When these polymers are added to a fluid, they form a network that traps the fluid molecules and prevents them from moving past each other as easily. This makes the fluid more viscous or thick.
The type of polymer used to make a viscosity index improver will determine how it performs at different temperatures. Some polymers are more effective at low temperatures, while others are more effective at high temperatures.

Viscosity index improvers are often combined with other additives, such as detergents and dispersants, to create a more complete lubricant.
Here are some of the materials commonly used to improve the viscosity index:

  • Polymethacrylates (PMA)
  • Radial polyisoprene
  • Polyisobutylene (PIB)
  • Olefin copolymers (OCP)

These materials come in different types, each with its response curve. Viscosity index improvers are normally to use in gear oils, multigrade motor oils, power steering fluids, greases, automatic transmission fluids, and hydraulic fluids.

Low temperatures allow the liquid to flow more evenly to reach the bearings quickly. At high temperatures, fluids will have a high viscosity. Even so, they offer the necessary film thickness to protect the moving parts and bearings within your tools.

A major problem with viscosity index-improving additives is that they are very sensitive to mechanical shearing. This means they can break down when subjected to high-stress levels, such as when used in engines.


How to Integrate Lubricant Special Additive Manufacturers into Your Production

As a business owner and production manager, you understand the importance of maximizing efficiency and reducing costs in your production processes. You can achieve this goal by consulting and integrating special additives manufacturers into your production. These manufacturers offer a wide range of additives that can enhance the performance and longevity of your lubricant’s performance, ultimately improving your overall branding as a business with additional production line outputs.

Key Players In Lubricant Additives Manufacturing


Before delving into the integration process, familiarizing yourself with the key players in the lubricant additives manufacturing industry is essential. These manufacturers are at the top of developing innovative additives catering to various industry needs. Some prominent names in the industry include:

  • Chevron Corp
  • Evonik Industries AG
  • Chempol
  • The Dow Chemical Company
  • Afton Chemical Limited

These manufacturers offer a wide range of additives, each with its unique features and benefits. By understanding the capabilities of these key players, you can make decisions when selecting the right additives. 

Competitive Analysis


SWOT Analysis

To effectively integrate lubricant special additives manufacturers into your production, conducting a SWOT analysis can provide valuable insights. Let’s take a closer look at the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats associated with this integration:


  • Enhanced lubricant performance
  • Increased equipment lifespan
  • Improved production efficiency
  • Customisable additive solutions


  • Cost implications
  • Compatibility with existing lubricants
  • Training and education requirements for employees


  • Access to advanced additive technologies
  • Collaboration with manufacturers for custom solutions
  • Competitive advantage through improved product quality


  • Market competition from other manufacturers
  • Potential disruptions in the supply chain
  • Rapidly evolving industry standards and regulations

By understanding the internal strengths and weaknesses and external opportunities and threats, you can develop strategies to maximize the benefits and mitigate any challenges associated with the integration.

PESTLE Analysis

In addition to the SWOT analysis, a PESTLE analysis helps you assess the external factors that can impact the integration process. Let’s explore the key factors to consider:

Political Factors

  • Government regulations on environmental impact and safety standards
  • Trade policies and international regulations affecting the import/export of additives

Economic Factors

  • Market demand for high-quality lubricants and additives
  • Economic stability and growth impacting the purchasing power of customers

Social Factors

  • Increasing awareness and demand for environmentally friendly lubricants
  • Industry trends and preferences for specific types of additives

Technological Factors

  • Advancements in additive manufacturing processes
  • Integration of automation and IoT technologies in additive production

Legal Factors

  • Compliance with industry standards and regulations
  • Intellectual property rights and patent protections

Environmental Factors

  • Focus on saving the world and reducing the carbon footprint
  • Impact of Additives on Ecosystems and environmental preservation

By considering these factors, you can adapt your integration strategy to align with the prevailing political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental conditions.

Market Projection of Additives


Understanding the market projection of additives is crucial for making informed decisions. As the demand for specialized lubricants continues to rise, the market for lubricant additives is also expected to grow significantly . The market is estimated to have an increased need for additives with advanced features such as improved fuel efficiency, reduced emissions, and enhanced equipment protection. By integrating lubricant special additive manufacturers into your production, your business can capitalize on this growing market demand.

Real-Life Use Cases From The Automotive Industry

To showcase the practical benefits of integrating lubricant special additives manufacturers into your production, let’s explore some real use cases from the automotive industry. These examples highlight the successful implementation of lubricant additives and their positive impact on production processes:

Here are the case studies:

  1. A renowned company with a manufacturing facility has integrated lubricant additives into their production line. By incorporating additives that reduced friction and wear, they achieved a 15% increase in equipment lifespan and a 10% improvement in overall production efficiency. 
  2. An automation company partnered with additive manufacturers to create custom additive solutions for robotic systems. The additives improved the lubricants of critical components, resulting in reduced downtime and increased operational reliability.

But knowing about these real-time cases, you can get insights into how lubricant additives have positively impacted production processes in the automation industry.

Types Of Additives In The Competitive Landscape:

The lubricant additives manufacturing industry is highly competitive, with various types of additives available in the market. Let’s explore some common types of additives or polymers used in the production process for lubricants.

Deposit Control Additives:

These additives prevent the accumulation of harmful deposits and contaminants in the lubricant, ensuring optimal performance and reducing the risk of equipment failure.

Cetane Improvers

Cetane improvers enhance the combustion quality of diesel fuels, leading to improved engine performance, reduced emissions, and increased fuel efficiency. 


Antioxidants protect lubricants from oxidation, preventing degradation and extending their useful life.

Lubricity Improvers

Lubricity improvers enhance the lubricating properties of the base oil, reducing friction and wear in machinery and equipment.

Cold Flow Improvers

Cold flow improvers modify the flow properties of fuels and lubricants, allowing them to perform effectively in cold temperatures.

Petroleum Dyes & Markers

These additives are used for identification and tracking purposes, ensuring proper handling and preventing product adulteration.

Corrosion Inhibitors

Corrosion inhibitors protect metal surfaces from rust and corrosion, extending the lifespan of equipment and machinery.

Metal Deactivators

Metal deactivators prevent the catalytic degradation of lubricants caused by metal ions, maintaining their performance and stability.

Octane Enhancers

Octane enhancers increase the octane rating of gasoline, improving engine performance and reducing the risk of knocking. Apart from the mentioned additives, various other specialized additives are available, each catering to specific requirements and applications.

Share Your Requirements & Get Customised Reports from Chempol

To gain more detailed insights into lubricant special additive manufacturers and their integration into your production, you can share your specific requirements with Chempol. As a trusted industry resource, Chempol offers customised reports and expert analyses tailored to your needs. Visit our website and provide your requirements to receive personalized recommendations and guidance. Integrating lubricant special additive manufacturers into your production processes can yield numerous benefits, ranging from improved performance and efficiency to extended equipment lifespan. By following the steps outlined above, including understanding key players, conducting SWOT and PESTLE analysis, considering market projections, exploring real-life use cases, and selecting the right additives, you can successfully integrate lubricant special additive manufacturers into your production. 

Stay above the competition and go up your production output by harnessing the power of lubricant additives.